About the survey
The Chief Financial Officers (CFOs) who responded represent a selection of the 200 largest companies in Sweden across various industries. The survey was carried out as a web-based questionnaire in October 2017. Given the broad range of industries and organizations that responded, the trends observed and conclusions reached are considered representative of the wider Swedish CFO community.
We are comparing the Swedish data to the other Nordic countries and the euro zone. The data are collected from the European CFO Survey, which consists of 1,550 CFOs participating from 19 countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. Please visit the site below for the European report and data.
About the data
Based on four core questions regarding business conditions, financial position, lending willingness and counterparty default risk we calculate a CFO index for which a value above (below) 50 represents a projected expansion (contraction). We have also constructed similar subindexes for the four core questions which are discussed in the report. In the text, we sometimes refer to a ”net balance index” (abbreviated NB). This is calculated by subtracting the percentage of respondents giving a negative response from the percentage giving a positive response; responses that are neither positive nor negative are deemed to be neutral. Due to rounding, not all percentages shown in the charts will add up to 100. The companies were asked to specify their industry with the following sectors: Financial Services Industry (FSI); Consumer Business and Transportation (CB&T); Life Science and Healthcare; Technology, Media and Telecom (TMT); Manufacturing; and Others. These sectors mentioned above are used in the analysis.